fertilization

For most, achieving pregnancy causes no problems but some couples do experience difficulties. If you're a woman trying for a child and are worried you might be having problems, take this test. It will assess your situation and let you know if you should seek further medical advice.

QUESTIONS

An advice will be generated according to how you respond to the questions.

 
 
  • 1. How long have you been trying to get pregnant?

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    Eighty % women conceive within 1yr of unprotected sexual life.As age advances eg >35yrs,fertility starts declining so this cut-off limits becomes 6months .Here you need a consultation with a doctor.

  • 2. What is your age?

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    In women, fertility declines more quickly with age. This decline becomes rapid after age 35. A range of factors cause this, especially the decline in the quality of the eggs being released by the ovaries.

  • 3. Are you overweight?

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    Overweight could be many reasons e.g.,PCOS,hereditary,sedentary lifestyle,etc.It can be categorised as per Body mass index(BMI). It causes hormonal imbalance in body with affects fertility.Lifestyle changes and some therapy is required to balance hormones which would help the woman to get pregnant.

  • 4. Do you smoke?

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    Smoking badly affects sperm count.motility and sperm morphology.Normal husband semen analysis is must for the woman to get their own progeny. More over smoking increase the incidence of infertility in females as well.

  • 5. How often do you have unprotected sex during fertile period?

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    Most fertile time of the month?

    When a woman ovulates, an egg is released from her ovaries into the fallopian tubes. This is where conception will occur if the egg is fertilised by sperm.

    If you're a woman who has regular periods, call the first day of your period 'day one'. Typically, you will ovulate between day 10 and day 16. If you have unprotected sex across these days, you give yourself best chance of conception.

    Don't let the timing of ovulation become a source of stress. You only need to know the exact day of ovulation if you want to time intercourse to the day. If you simply have sex every day across the days you may be ovulating, you have the best chance of becoming pregnant.

  • 6. Do you have regular periods?

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    A period is a bleed from the uterus (womb) that is released through the vagina. It happens approximately every 28 days, though anywhere between 24 and 35 days is normal.

    Periods are part of the female reproductive cycle.

    Every month the lining of the womb thickens in preparation for receiving a fertilised egg. But if the egg is not fertilised, hormonal changes signal to this lining to break down. A period bleed is made up of this lining, and a small amount of blood from the vessels present in this lining.The irregular,scanty or absent periods may lead to abnormal endometrial lining and problem in conceiving.

  • 7. Do You have amenorrhea/tuberculosis at present or in past?

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    Amenorrhea could be primary or seconday.It could be coz of many reasons.Tuberculosis is one of the causes.Reproductive system tuberculosis hamper endometrial lining and tubal blocks which significantly affect fertility .Consult a Doctor to treat amenorrheqa.

  • 8. Have you ever been been diagnosed PCOS?

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    The most common cause of ovulation problems, leading to failure to become pregnant, is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). This is a condition associated with multiple cysts in the ovaries and failure to ovulate regularly.These patients need assistance to make them ovulate and to get pregnant.

    Symptoms can also include light, irregular or absent periods, weight gain, acne, and excessive hair growth.

    The symptoms of this condition can be improved by losing excess weight through a healthy diet and exercise.

    Medicines or surgery can also help women with PCOS to ovulate, and achieve pregnancy.

  • 9. Have you had an ectopic pregnancy or any other pelvic surgery?

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    Ectopic pregnancy is where a fertilised egg implants, and starts to develop, outside the womb. These pregnancies cannot continue to birth. Around 1% of pregnancies are ectopic pregnancies.

    Left untreated, an ectopic pregnancy can be fatal for the mother. But the number of ectopic pregnancies that result in death is extremely small. Ectopic pregnancy can be treated with surgery to remove the developing egg, or sometimes with medicines.

    If you have had a previous ectopic pregnancy, your chance of having another raises from around 1% to 8% and previous surgery for ectopic /removal of tube reduces the chances of conception.

  • 10. Do you have any pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) / sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

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    PID/Sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage a woman's fallopian tubes.male reproductive system, which can result in difficulty becoming pregnant.

  • 11. Do you have any fertility male/female problem in family?

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    Subfertility or infertility may run in family. Minimum asstance is required for the couple to get pregnant.

  • 12. Do you suffer from severe period pains (dysmenorrhea) or endometriosis?

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    Period pain have many reasons.Among those Endometriosis is more important as far fertility is concerned. Endometriosis significantly affects ovaries, Tubes depending on its severity.In Severe endometriosis, In vitro fertilization (IVF/IVF-ICSI)) may remain only option for the woman to get pregnant.

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